Abraham Tsoukalidis

Passionate about entrepreneurship, new ideas, travel, food, wine and life!
"Το ιερό, ένα από τα σημαντικότερα της αρχαιότητας ήταν αφιερωμένο στην Άρτεμις, προστάτιδα μεγάλη θεά της φύσης και της γονιμότητας, των άγριων ζώων, του τοκετού και των νεογέννητων παιδιών. Το ιερό ήταν επίσης συνδεδεμένο με την Ιφιγένεια η οποία επρόκειτο να θυσιαστεί κατά τον απόπλου των Ελλήνων για την Τροία. Όπως λέει μια παραλλαγή του μύθου, η θυσία της έγινε στην Βραυρώνα και όχι στην Αυλίδα ενώ η Άρτεμις την άρπαξε τελευταία στιγμή από τον βωμό αφήνοντας στην θέση της μια αρκούδα και την οδήγησε στην Ταυρική. Επιστρέφοντας η Ιφιγένεια εγκαθίδρυσε την λατρεία της Άρτεμις στην Βραυρώνα και σύμφωνα με ένα τοπικό μύθο παρέμεινε στο ιερό μέχρι τον θάνατό της. Η παράδοση θέλει την Ιφιγένεια να δέχεται τις εσθήτες των γυναικών που πέθαιναν κατά τον τοκετό ενώ η Άρτεμις εκείνων που είχαν καλή γέννα." with Maria at Ναός Βραυρώνιας Αρτέμιδας (Temple of Artemis) – View on Path.

"Το ιερό, ένα από τα σημαντικότερα της αρχαιότητας ήταν αφιερωμένο στην Άρτεμις, προστάτιδα μεγάλη θεά της φύσης και της γονιμότητας, των άγριων ζώων, του τοκετού και των νεογέννητων παιδιών. Το ιερό ήταν επίσης συνδεδεμένο με την Ιφιγένεια η οποία επρόκειτο να θυσιαστεί κατά τον απόπλου των Ελλήνων για την Τροία. Όπως λέει μια παραλλαγή του μύθου, η θυσία της έγινε στην Βραυρώνα και όχι στην Αυλίδα ενώ η Άρτεμις την άρπαξε τελευταία στιγμή από τον βωμό αφήνοντας στην θέση της μια αρκούδα και την οδήγησε στην Ταυρική. Επιστρέφοντας η Ιφιγένεια εγκαθίδρυσε την λατρεία της Άρτεμις στην Βραυρώνα και σύμφωνα με ένα τοπικό μύθο παρέμεινε στο ιερό μέχρι τον θάνατό της. Η παράδοση θέλει την Ιφιγένεια να δέχεται τις εσθήτες των γυναικών που πέθαιναν κατά τον τοκετό ενώ η Άρτεμις εκείνων που είχαν καλή γέννα." with Maria at Ναός Βραυρώνιας Αρτέμιδας (Temple of Artemis) – View on Path.

Relief of Epona http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epona patroness of horses, a Celtic goddess popular in many places in Europe. Her worship (synetheia – the Θίασοι / Συνήθειες were primarily religious associations which operated in the city at the initiative of private citizens and their members, know as συνήθεις / θρησκευταί devoted themselves not only to worship but also to common social and political acivities) in Thessaloniki may have been introduced by Galerius http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Galerius who was descended from a region along the Danube from the 4th century CE from the collection of the archaeological museum of Thessaloniki http://www.amth.gr/en

Relief of Epona http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epona patroness of horses, a Celtic goddess popular in many places in Europe. Her worship (synetheia – the Θίασοι / Συνήθειες were primarily religious associations which operated in the city at the initiative of private citizens and their members, know as συνήθεις / θρησκευταί devoted themselves not only to worship but also to common social and political acivities) in Thessaloniki may have been introduced by Galerius http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Galerius who was descended from a region along the Danube from the 4th century CE from the collection of the archaeological museum of Thessaloniki http://www.amth.gr/en

Votive relief of Osiris http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Osiris Mystes depicting the ‘mysteries’ of Isis and Osiris combining Greek beliefs with the Egyptian cult (synetheia – the Θίασοι / Συνήθειες were primarily religious associations which operated in the city at the initiative of private citizens and their members, know as συνήθεις / θρησκευταί devoted themselves not only to worship but also to common social and political acivities), these mysteries operated as a means of attracting followers. From the late 3rd early 2nd centuries CE from the 4th century CE from the collection of the archaeological museum of Thessaloniki http://www.amth.gr/en

Votive relief of Osiris http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Osiris Mystes depicting the ‘mysteries’ of Isis and Osiris combining Greek beliefs with the Egyptian cult (synetheia – the Θίασοι / Συνήθειες were primarily religious associations which operated in the city at the initiative of private citizens and their members, know as συνήθεις / θρησκευταί devoted themselves not only to worship but also to common social and political acivities), these mysteries operated as a means of attracting followers. From the late 3rd early 2nd centuries CE from the 4th century CE from the collection of the archaeological museum of Thessaloniki http://www.amth.gr/en

Funerary stele of Aulus Papius Chilo. The members of the cult association (synetheia – the Θίασοι / Συνήθειες were primarily religious associations which operated in the city at the initiative of private citizens and their members, know as συνήθεις / θρησκευταί devoted themselves not only to worship but also to common social and political acivities) of the Egyptian God Anubis http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anubis dedicated this stele to the founder of the association who is depicted here wearing the dog-faced mask of the god. From the late 1st century BCE or early 1st century CE from the collection of the archaeological museum of Thessaloniki http://www.amth.gr/en

Funerary stele of Aulus Papius Chilo. The members of the cult association (synetheia – the Θίασοι / Συνήθειες were primarily religious associations which operated in the city at the initiative of private citizens and their members, know as συνήθεις / θρησκευταί devoted themselves not only to worship but also to common social and political acivities) of the Egyptian God Anubis http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anubis dedicated this stele to the founder of the association who is depicted here wearing the dog-faced mask of the god. From the late 1st century BCE or early 1st century CE from the collection of the archaeological museum of Thessaloniki http://www.amth.gr/en

Funerary stele of the perfume vendor Caius Hostius Eros. The cult association of Poseidon (synetheia – the Θίασοι / Συνήθειες were primarily religious associations which operated in the city at the initiative of private citizens and their members, know as συνήθεις / θρησκευταί devoted themselves not only to worship but also to common social and political acivities) took on the construction of this funerary monument. This is the only testament of the worship of Poseidon http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poseidon in Thessaloniki 150-200 CE from the collection of the archaeological museum of Thessaloniki http://www.amth.gr/en

Funerary stele of the perfume vendor Caius Hostius Eros. The cult association of Poseidon (synetheia – the Θίασοι / Συνήθειες were primarily religious associations which operated in the city at the initiative of private citizens and their members, know as συνήθεις / θρησκευταί devoted themselves not only to worship but also to common social and political acivities) took on the construction of this funerary monument. This is the only testament of the worship of Poseidon http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poseidon in Thessaloniki 150-200 CE from the collection of the archaeological museum of Thessaloniki http://www.amth.gr/en

Hellenistic statues of Aphrodite, rising from the sea or surrounded by Cupids, Hermaphrodites (son of Aphrodite and Hermes, with dual nature both girl and boy), and Eros (depicted by himself as a winged young man or child riding a rooster of with Psyche on the back of a peacock) from the collection of the archaeological museum of Thessaloniki http://www.amth.gr/en

Hellenistic statues of Aphrodite, rising from the sea or surrounded by Cupids, Hermaphrodites (son of Aphrodite and Hermes, with dual nature both girl and boy), and Eros (depicted by himself as a winged young man or child riding a rooster of with Psyche on the back of a peacock) from the collection of the archaeological museum of Thessaloniki http://www.amth.gr/en

Trapezophoron (table support) depicting young Dionysus http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dionysus (who was very popular in Thessaloniki and one of the city’s three tribes was called Dionysias and one of the residential quarters was named Phallus http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phallus . Dionysiac cult associations (synetheia – the Θίασοι / Συνήθειες were primarily religious associations which operated in the city at the initiative of private citizens and their members, know as συνήθεις / θρησκευταί devoted themselves not only to worship but also to common social and political acivities) were active in the city such as the phallophoriai – ceremonies http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phallic_processions in which a model of a phallus was carried around as a substitute for Dionysus) embracing a Satyr holding a lagovolon (stick used in hunting hares or as a shepherd’s staff) from the 3rd century CE from the collection of the archaeological museum of Thessaloniki http://www.amth.gr/en

Trapezophoron (table support) depicting young Dionysus http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dionysus (who was very popular in Thessaloniki and one of the city’s three tribes was called Dionysias and one of the residential quarters was named Phallus http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phallus . Dionysiac cult associations (synetheia – the Θίασοι / Συνήθειες were primarily religious associations which operated in the city at the initiative of private citizens and their members, know as συνήθεις / θρησκευταί devoted themselves not only to worship but also to common social and political acivities) were active in the city such as the phallophoriai – ceremonies http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phallic_processions in which a model of a phallus was carried around as a substitute for Dionysus) embracing a Satyr holding a lagovolon (stick used in hunting hares or as a shepherd’s staff) from the 3rd century CE from the collection of the archaeological museum of Thessaloniki http://www.amth.gr/en